About Me

Hello! I am Kelsey Sheffer, a first year at the University of Mary Washington. I am majoring in Political Science and Communication with minors in Middle Eastern Studies and Security and Conflict. This website is about the different genocides the world has faced and is very graphic in both describing events as well as disturbing pictures. Viewer Discretion Is Advised. 

About Me

Hello! I am Kelsey Sheffer, a first year at the University of Mary Washington. I am majoring in Political Science and Communication with minors in Middle Eastern Studies and Security and Conflict. This website is about the different genocides the world has faced and is very graphic in both describing events as well as disturbing pictures. Viewer Discretion Is Advised. 

About Me

Hello! I am Kelsey Sheffer, a first year at the University of Mary Washington. I am majoring in Political Science and Communication with minors in Middle Eastern Studies and Security and Conflict. This website is about the different genocides the world has faced and is very graphic in both describing events as well as disturbing pictures. Viewer Discretion Is Advised. 

Eugenics: Man Made Evolution

For my History of Genocides research paper, I chose to focus on the American Eugenics program that spanned over five decades but drew a close emphasis on 1910-1927 as well as a glimpse of how this program is still alive and well today. Below are attached copies of my essay and handout, if you would like to see my presentation, be sure to email me. I would have it on here as well expect that it is too large of a file. Thank you for your understanding.

 

Eugenics 2 Paper

Eugenics in America Handout

 

MSF Case Study- North Korea

From natural disaster to mass famine, the most secretive nation in the world has faced a lot of struggles. MSF decided to help alleviate some of the pain in 1993 under Kim Jong-il. Below are attached copies of the group project we presented on this case study as well as a copy of our essay. I hope these items inform you as much as it did my group about the great lengths this country went to convenience the world that they are okay when instead, people were so hungry they were eating their young.

MSFEssay Essay

MSF and North Korea PowerPoint

MSFNorthKorea Mining of the Case Study

handout Handout

Pol Pot

Who is Pol Pot? Is he the ‘great leader’ of Cambodia or is he someone else entirely? The answer is both. Pol Pot was actually Saloth Sar, an ordinary teacher who was described as ordinary by all of this friends and colleges. Sar was part of the 100 men and women who were chosen to study in France and during his time there, he joined the French Communist party. This beginning is a lot like that of Ho Chi Minh, except this man decided to change his name to live a life like Miley Cyrus to get the best of both worlds, and it was very well achieved. Sar decided to go into politics later in life and when doing so he alike Mao Zedong valued and idealized the Russian style of leadership and tyranny. This adoption of these ideals led to the development of the Khmer Rouge who were a group that believed that Cambodia needed to be transformed back into a rural country and attacked big cities. Pol Pot declared “Year Zero” and started ceasing everyone who lived in the big cities that they were invading and forced them into labor battalions where they would be later killed off. Cambodia’s genocide led by Pol Pot left 1.7-2.0 million people dead and a displaced and confused South East Asia.

Rwanda

From the crackling of stepping on a skull to the stench of decaying flesh, Nayarubuye church was covered with the hundreds of deformed, lifeless Tutsi bodies that were left after the great massacres led by the Hutu. The Hutu and Tutsi’s are ethnic groups that are not actually groups. This separation was created by the Belgians took control over Rwanda and gave the Tutsi’s control over the country simple because the they resembled Europeans more. The Tutsi’s were people with a lighter skin tone, smaller noses, tall, with long limbs who worked as Sheppard B.B, before Belgium. The Hutu’s were the opposite with a dark complexion, thick nose, and short worked as the gatherers and farmers for the country, and after the Belgians came, were merely slaves to the Tutsi. This is what started the ethic tensions in Rwanda. The Tutsi’s were very violent when it came to punishing the Hutu’s not because they wanted to, but because it was necessary for them to do so to stay on the Belgium’s side; however, these actions would come back to haunt them when Rwanda finally gained their independence. After they gained their independence, the Hutu’s took control over Rwanda and kept that power until the end of the genocide; however, tensions didn’t reach deadly until the President’s plane was shot down. I think it is important to highlight at this time in Rwanda, there was no written language and all news was passed through by oral speech from the radio, so when the radio stated that the ‘cockroaches’ ,Tutsi, had shot down their beloved president’s plane, it was war. 800,000 people were slaughtered by their neighbors in the first 100 days.

Studying the Rape of Nanking

The FSEM’s final exam took the form of a ten minute presentation and a ten to twelve page research paper on a topic of our choice. I initially planned to do mine on the Bosnian rapes, but I changed my subject from Bosnia to Nanking about a week before the project was due. I also changed my thesis from gender based violence to examining why rape is used as an act of war.

I began my research by finding out the chronology of the events in Nanking. After that, I read texts on rape as an act of genocidal war, and I built my project from there.

Truth be told, I quickly regretted choosing such a heavy topic. The research was heavily disturbing, and although essays usually flow out of me, writing the research paper was incredibly difficult.

I was still able to produce a presentation and paper that I was satisfied with, but I’m glad the project is over.

 

WARNING: this presentation contains sensitive content concerning rape and sexual violence.

https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B4Iht1lCBsMgclM0dDNhekFDeTg/view

MSF Exhibit

On October 1st, my History of Genocide Class visited the MSF Forced From Home Exhibit where we were able to not only learn more about Doctors Without Boarders, but also learned about the day to day life of a refuge. I think the most important thing I learned were the different names of people having to evacuate their homes. Refugee- someone who leaves their country and resides in another one until they can return home. Internally Displaced Person- someone who takes refuge in another part of their country. Seeking Asylum- Someone who has to leave their country and is wanting to gain residency or citizenship in another country.

When we first met our energetic Exhibit leader, Africa, she immediately gained our attention as she explained the mission of MSF, To help people no matter what side of the conflict they are on and to give them medical attention that respects their culture and religious practices. Then we were led into a huge carnival style tent that held many projectors and our tour guide told us not to be afraid to turn around, and then the movie played. We were able to see a 360 degree movie that showed us real people who were asylum seeking, internally displaced, and refugees who told us their story. It was beyond incredible. Next we’re thrown into a simulation where we were one member from these three groups, I was an internally displaced person from South Sudan. We were then told to grab 6 things to take with us from a list of over 20. I took a blanket, food, medicine, clothes, shoes, and water. Then off to the boat we went. We were a class of 16 in a raft that fit 12 and in reality, would be forced to fit over 40 people laying one on top of the other. Then, we were taken to a villages where we saw first hand the struggle millions of people are faced with, water. MSF rations out water to make sure that each of the humans that reside under their care are getting their 8 gallons of water a day. Do you know how heavy 8 gallons are? Very heavy is the answer so think, a single mom with two children. She only has two hands and three 8 gallon water buckets. Exactly. The next step was understanding the medical attention that MSF gives to the people in need. Cholera is something that MSF deals with and they showed us the beds they had to help those sick with it as well as their prevention. Lastly, we ended our visit with a trip to the housing that MSF provides and it is most intersting with how these different tents are used to make these people feel comfortable. MSF does far more then they are given credit for, from food to housing to medicine, they look out for those in need.